# Which are the instruments required for total station survey?

## Which are the instruments required for total station survey?

The total station A total station consists of a theodolite with a built-in distance meter (distancer), and so it can measure angles and distances at the same time. Today’s electronic total stations all have an opto-electronic distance meter (EDM) and electronic angle scanning.

What are the basic components of total station instrument?

A total station is composed of four main components; EDM (Electronic Distance Measurement), electronic theodolite, microprocessor and electronic display.

### What is the instrument setup procedure for total station?

Procedure for setting up a tripod & leveling Total Station

1. Setup tripod. Open up the tripod and extend the legs.
2. Level the tripod. By changing the length of two legs you used to position the tripod, level the top surface of the tripod using the bulls-eye level.
3. Attach instrument to tribrac.
4. Check alignment over point.

What is working principle of total station?

Principle of Total station The total station consists of a built-in emitter, capable of emitting microwaves and infrared signals. The wavelength of these emitted waves helps in calculating the distance between the points.

#### What are the accessories of total station?

The total station accessories are as follows:

• A tripod to hold the total station.
• An electronic notebook to record, run complex calculations, and even manipulate the data, whenever required.
• Prism and prism pole that is used measure lengths from 2kms, up to 6-7kms in case of a triple prism.
• Battery.

What is total station principle?

Principle of Total station The total station consists of a built-in emitter, capable of emitting microwaves and infrared signals. The wavelength of these emitted waves helps in calculating the distance between the points. Distance = velocity * time.

## How many parts are there in total station?

Components of a Total Station TotalStation is a compact instrument which weighs around 50 N to 55 N. It consists of a distance measuring instrument (EDM), an angle measuring instrument (Theodolite) and a simple microprocessor.

What are principal measurements of total station?

Most total stations have a distance measuring range of up to a few kilometres, when using a prism, and a range of at least 100m in reflector less mode and an accuracy of 2-3mm at short ranges, which will decrease to about 4-5mm at 1km.

### How is total station measured?

Enter the coordinates of your first target building corner. Using the ranging pole, find the correct point for the corner and mark it with a profile peg. If the total station is set up at a proposed corner for the building, you can use the distance measuring and ranging pole to find intermediate points along the wall.

What is total station PPT?

Total station is a surveying equipment combination of Electromagnetic Distance Measuring Instrument and electronic theodolite. • It is also integrated with microprocessor, electronic data collector and storage system.

#### What is Hz in total station?

Modern robotic total stations (RTS) are multi sensor systems which determine three dimensional coordinates of target points by combining horizontal angle (Hz), vertical angle (V) and distance (d) measurements. Robotic measurements require automated. targeting systems which can find and track prisms.

What is EDM total station?

The electronic distance measuring (EDM) instrument is one of the major components of a total station enabling it to accurately measure sloping distances from the total station to an object. EDM technology uses electromagnetic waves to measure the distance between the instrument and a handheld reflector.