# How do you calculate Pmtct?

## How do you calculate Pmtct?

General approach to the problem Ideally, the transmission rate (TR) for MTCT of HIV should be computed as: TR = number of HIV-infected children/total number of children enrolled.

## What is the aim of Pmtct?

The primary aim of the PMTCT programme was to decrease the number of HIV infected babies born to HIV positive mothers. Primary prevention of HIV infection particularly among women of childbearing age has always been the backbone of the programme.

What are the 4 pillars of Pmtct?

The Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is based on four pillars: Primary prevention of HIV infection among women of reproductive age; prevention of unplanned pregnancies among HIV infected women; prevention of HIV transmission during pregnancy and/or breastfeeding; treatment, care and support of …

What is Pmtct Option B?

Option B plus PMTCT is a newly proposed option with the feature of offering all pregnant and lactating women lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of the cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count and clinical stage [2] to reduce MTCT rate to less than 5% in breastfeeding and less than 2% in non-breastfeeding …

### What are the 4 prongs of Pmtct?

These four prongs represent the cornerstones of comprehensive PMTCT service delivery: primary prevention of HIV infection among women of childbearing age (prong 1), preventing unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV (prong 2), preventing HIV transmission from a woman living with HIV to her infant (prong 3).

### What is the 90 90 90 strategy?

The UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets call for 90% of people living with HIV knowing their status, 90% of people living with HIV who know their status being on antiretroviral therapy, and 90% of people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy achieving viral suppression.

What is the 4 prong strategy for Pmtct?

What are the benefits of Option B +?

Conclusions: The use of Option B+ as PMTCT intervention was found to be more effective in reducing MTCT of HIV compared to other options. Scaling up access to life-long ART and improving retention for women on treatment can potentially reduce further vertical transmission.

## Can I clean my stomach while on Arvs?

In general, yes. Short-term use of laxatives should be ok with your HIV medications.

## What are the components of Pmtct?

Four components of the comprehensive PMTCT programme are articulated by WHO and UNICEF, namely: (1) primary prevention of HIV infection among women of childbearing age; (2) preventing unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV; (3) preventing HIV transmission from a woman living with HIV to her infant; and (4) …

What are the four elements of Pmtct?