# How does DES encryption algorithm work?

## How does DES encryption algorithm work?

DES works by encrypting groups of 64 message bits, which is the same as 16 hexadecimal numbers. To do the encryption, DES uses “keys” where are also apparently 16 hexadecimal numbers long, or apparently 64 bits long. However, every 8th key bit is ignored in the DES algorithm, so that the effective key size is 56 bits.

What is AES and DES in encryption?

AES stands for Advanced Encryption Standard. DES stands for Data Encryption Standard. 2. Key Length. Key length varies from 128 bits, 192 bits to 256 bits.

What is DES algorithm in information security?

DES is a block cipher and encrypts data in blocks of size of 64 bits each, which means 64 bits of plain text go as the input to DES, which produces 64 bits of ciphertext. The same algorithm and key are used for encryption and decryption, with minor differences. The key length is 56 bits.

### How do I encrypt with DES?

In a nutshell, DES encryption works by taking a plaintext input and breaking it into smaller chunks (64-bit blocks) to encrypt it using a cryptographic key. Basically, it takes your readable message and, block by block, converts it into unreadable gibberish that can only be decrypted by the decryption key holder.

Which is best AES or DES?

AES is more secure than the DES cipher and is the de facto world standard. DES can be broken easily as it has known vulnerabilities. 3DES(Triple DES) is a variation of DES which is secure than the usual DES. AES can encrypt 128 bits of plaintext.

Which is faster AES or DES?

Key Differences between DES and AES AES is comparatively much faster than DES and can encrypt large files in a fraction of seconds compared to DES. Because of the small bit size of the shared key used in DES, it is considered to be less secure than AES.

## Is DES encryption secure?

DES, the Data Encryption Standard, can no longer be considered secure. While no major flaws in its innards are known, it is fundamentally inadequate because its 56-bit key is too short.

What is the size of DES encryption key?

56 bits
DES is a block cipher that operates on data blocks of 64 bits in size. DES uses a 64-bit key 8 × 8 including 1 bit for parity, so the actual key is 56 bits.

Why is DES not secure?