How does the functional group help in determining the properties of the compound?

How does the functional group help in determining the properties of the compound?

A functional group is an atom or group of atoms that is responsible for a particular chemical property of an organic compound. Organic compounds can be classified according to their functional groups. A functional group gives an organic compound a property that is different than it would otherwise have.

What is the effect of functional group on properties?

In a carbon compound if a hydrogen is replaced by any hetroatom(O, N, S or Halogens)such that valency of C remains unchanged. These hetroatoms provide specific properties to the compound , regardless of the length and nature of carbon chain and hence are called functional group.

What is the importance of functional groups?

The functional groups make a molecule special deciding on its reactivity and how it interacts with other molecules. =>The polarity of the molecule.

What does the presence of functional groups determine?

A functional group is a set of atoms bonded in a particular way that imparts a variety of characteristics to the compound. The presence of functional groups helps determine the chemical reactivity, the melting/boiling point and the solubility of the compound, just to name a few.

What does a functional group mainly determines?

The alkyl part (carbon chain) of an organic compound determines its physical properties whereas the functional group determines its chemical properties.

What determines the properties of organic compounds?

What are functional groups explain with example?

Functional groups are group of atoms or bonds that define the function of the hydrocarbon that they get attached to. Examples: Alcohol, Aldehyde, Ketone, Carboxylic acid, Halogens, Double & Triple covalent bonds.

What is the importance of functional group?

Each type of organic molecule has its own specific type of functional group. Functional groups in biological molecules play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. Functional groups include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl.

What functional group means?

What is meant by functional group explain with the help of example?

A functional group is a specific groups of atoms within molecules so that these molecules have similar chemical properties regardless of the other atoms present in the molecules. Examples of functional group include −OH group of alcohols, −NH2 group of amines, −COOH group of carboxylic acids, >C=O.