How is Cemento-osseous dysplasia diagnosed?

How is Cemento-osseous dysplasia diagnosed?

Many lesions that may exhibit a similar sclerotic appearance on conventional radiographs have to be differentiated and dental imaging can be used to discriminate between Florid COD and other lesions. Diagnosis of Florid Cemento-osseous dysplasia can be made with accurate clinical and radiographic assessment.

Is Cemento-osseous dysplasia cancerous?

Aim. Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) represents a rare group of benign fibroosseous disorders, while osteogenic sarcoma (OS) on the hand, is a malignant tumour of ominous prognosis. A combination of COD and OS is rare and sparsely reported in literature. There are only four reported cases known to the authors.

How is florid Cemento-osseous dysplasia treated?

There are three types of COD lesions, namely focal, periapical and florid COD. The COD lesion usually requires no treatment, whereas the other two fibro-osseous lesions need surgical recontouring or total excision.

What causes florid Cemento-osseous dysplasia?

The cause of FCOD is unknown, and it does not usually run in families. It mainly occurs in middle aged women of African American and Asian descent. [15058][15059] The number, size, and shape of the lesions can be different from person to person.

What causes periapical Cemento-osseous dysplasia?

Introduction: Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia is a pathologic entity resulting from bone and cementum reactional process which affects the periapical region of the anterior mandible. Its etiology is not fully understood, but possibly it is related to an unusual bone and cementum response to some local factor.

Are teeth vital in Cemento-osseous dysplasia?

Cemento-osseous dysplasia is a rare benign fibro-osseous disease of the jaws associated with vital teeth and generally no need for intervention, but follow-up is recommended.

How many forms of Cemento-osseous dysplasia are there?

There are three types of cemento-osseous dysplasia that have been documented: Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia (occurring in the anterior mandible region). Focal cemento-osseous dysplasia (occurring in areas other than the apical region and a propensity for the posterior mandible region).

How common is Cemento-osseous dysplasia?

Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a very rare benign lesion arising from a group of disorders which are known to originate from undifferentiated cells of the periodontal ligament tissue. Essentially, these underlying disorders all involve the same pathological process.

What is periapical Cemento-osseous dysplasia?

Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia (PCOD) is a rare benign lesion, often asymptomatic, in which fibrous tissue replaces the normal bone tissue, with metaplasic bone and neo-formed cement.

What does osseous dysplasia mean?

Osseous dysplasias (ODs) are idiopathic processes located in the periapical region of the tooth-bearing jaw areas, characterized by replacement of normal bone with fibrous tissue and metaplastic bone. They are non-neoplastic bone lesions and are considered to originate from the periodontal ligament.