Is bilateral testicular microlithiasis cancer?

Is bilateral testicular microlithiasis cancer?

Bilateral testicular microlithiasis is indicative of CIS (carcinoma in situ) in subfertile men. De Gouveia Brazao et al. reported that 20% of patients with bilateral testicular microlithiasis were diagnosed with CIS.

What is bilateral Microlithiasis?

Testicular microlithiasis (tes-TIK-yoo-lur my-kroh-lih-THIE-uh-sis) is a condition in which small clusters of calcium form in the testicles. It can be detected on an ultrasound exam of the scrotum. Several studies show a relationship between testicular microlithiasis and testicular cancer.

How is bilateral testicular microlithiasis treated?

There is no cure or treatment for testicular microlithiasis, however, patients may be monitored via ultrasound to make sure that other conditions do not develop. Emphasis on testicular examination is the recommended follow up for asymptomatic men incidentally identified with testicular microlithiasis.

Is testicular microlithiasis normal?

Summary: Testicular microlithiasis is common and while microcalcifications do exist in roughly 50% of germ cell tumors the majority of men with testicular microlithiasis will not develop testicular cancer.

Does testicular microlithiasis cause infertility?

Testicular microlithiasis (TM) is an uncommon pathologic condition that is commonly diagnosed by scrotal ultrasonography. Indirect evidence suggests that this syndrome may be associated with an increased risk of testicular malignancy and infertility.

Is Microlithiasis normal?

Testicular microlithiasis is a relatively uncommon condition that represents the deposition of multiple tiny calcifications throughout both testes. The most common criterion for diagnosis is that of five microcalcifications in one testis, although definitions have varied in the past.

Can Microlithiasis cause pain?

Testicular microlithiasis is a condition of unknown cause where calcium deposits form in the lumina of seminiferous tubules or arise from the tubular basement membrane components. The microliths are asymptomatic, do not cause pain, and are so small that they are impalpable.

What are symptoms of testicular microlithiasis?


  • painless lump on the testicle – can vary in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters.
  • persistent lump on the testicle that does not go away.
  • feeling of heaviness or aching in the lower abdomen or scrotum.
  • painful testicle.
  • swelling of a testicle.
  • enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen or neck.

What are the chances of a man being infertile?

This means that about 10% of all males in the United States who are attempting to conceive suffer from infertility.

Is testicular cancer serious?

Like any cancer, testicle cancer is a serious condition. Fortunately, testicular cancer is highly treatable and curable.

Is testicular microlithiasis common?

What are the symptoms of testicular microlithiasis?