What are Antigout drugs used for?

What are Antigout drugs used for?

Antigout medications, as their name implies, are medications used to treat gout, which is a form of inflammatory arthritis. The underlying cause of gout is hyperuricemia – which is too much uric acid in the blood, resulting in the formation of monosodium urate crystals.

What is the best medicine to remove uric acid?

Drugs such as allopurinol (Aloprim, Lopurin, Zyloprim) and febuxostat (Uloric) help limit the amount of uric acid your body makes. Side effects of allopurinol include fever, rash, hepatitis and kidney problems.

What is the main cause of uric acid?

Most of the time, a high uric acid level occurs when your kidneys don’t eliminate uric acid efficiently. Things that may cause this slow-down in the removal of uric acid include rich foods, being overweight, having diabetes, taking certain diuretics (sometimes called water pills) and drinking too much alcohol.

What are antigout agents?

What are Antigout agents? Antigout agents are also called antihyperuricemic agents. These agents work to either correct overproduction or underexcretion of uric acid. For the long term control of gout, hyperuricemia caused by formation of uric acid from purines, can be effectively controlled with these agents.

What is the difference between gout and antigout?

Gout most commonly affects the big toes, but can also affect other joints such as ankles, knees, elbows, wrists, and fingers. Antigout agents work in different ways to decrease uric acid production in the body, deposition of urate crystals in the joints, and the inflammatory response that results.

What is the treatment for acute gout attack?

Acute Gout Attack. Intra-articular steriods are useful if only one or two joints are affected and the treating physician is proficient in injecting those joints. Oral corticosteroids can be used starting at 30-40 mg daily tapering over 10-14 days.

What is Tophi in gout treatment?

Tophi are small, chalk-colored, stone-like deposits of uric acid that collect under the skin and are most frequently found in skin around the joints and on the outside of the ear. Gout treatment can be categorized into medicines used to treat an acute attack, and medicines used to prevent gout complications, such as tophi.