What are the 4 parenteral routes for drug administration?

What are the 4 parenteral routes for drug administration?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:

  • Subcutaneous (under the skin)
  • Intramuscular (in a muscle)
  • Intravenous (in a vein)
  • Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What are the types of route administration?

Routes of administration

  • Oral.
  • Sublingual.
  • Rectal.
  • Topical.
  • Parenteral – Intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous.

What does IV IM sc mean?

Abbreviations: IV = intravenous, IM = intramuscular, SC = subcutaneous.

What is the difference between q8H and TID?

q8H means every 8 hours. This is not the same as three times a day (tid or TD). q12H means every 12 hours. This is not the same as twice-daily (bid or BD).

What is SC in injection?

Subcutaneous means under the skin. In this type of injection, a short needle is used to inject a drug into the tissue layer between the skin and the muscle. Medication given this way is usually absorbed more slowly than if injected into a vein, sometimes over a period of 24 hours.

What angle do you give heparin?

Allow the skin to dry before giving the shot. The heparin needs to go into the fat layer under the skin. Pinch the skin lightly and put the needle in at a 45º angle. Push the needle all the way into the skin.

What is an OLT and how does it work?

The OLT contains a central processing unit (CPU), passive optical network cards, a gateway router (GWR) and a voice gateway (VGW) uplink cards. It can transmit a data signal to users at 1490 nanometers (nm). That signal can serve up to 128 ONTs at a range of up to 12.5 miles by using optical splitters.

What are the routes of administration?

Route of administration. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration. Routes can also be classified based on where the target of action is. Action may be topical (local), enteral (system-wide effect,…

What is the parenteral route of administration?

The parenteral route is any route that is not enteral (par-+ enteral). Parenteral administration can be performed by injection, that is, using a needle (usually a hypodermic needle) and a syringe, or by the insertion of an indwelling catheter. Locations of application of parenteral administration include: central nervous system

What are the different routes of administration for the treatment of alveolus?

Administration through the nose and into the stomach, usually by means of a tube. Routes of administration are not applicable. Administration by the topical route which is then covered by a dressing which occludes the area. Administration to the external eye.