What are the 613 commandments of Judaism?

What are the 613 commandments of Judaism?


  • To know there is a God. (Exodus 20:2)
  • To have not other gods. (Exodus 20:3)
  • To know that He is one. (Deuteronomy 6:4)
  • To love Him. (Deuteronomy 6:5)
  • To fear Him. (Deuteronomy 10:20)
  • To sanctify His Name.
  • Not to profane His Name.
  • To worship Him as He has ordered and not destroy holy objects.

What is the Holy Law of Judaism?

Halakhah, (Hebrew: “the Way”) also spelled Halakha, Halakah, or Halachah, plural Halakhahs, Halakhot, Halakhoth, or Halachot, in Judaism, the totality of laws and ordinances that have evolved since biblical times to regulate religious observances and the daily life and conduct of the Jewish people.

Why are the 613 mitzvot important?

There are 613 mitzvot in the Torah and they guide Jews on how to live a good life. Jews believe that God gave the mitzvot to Moses and that they formed part of the covenant at Mount Sinai .

What are the two types of commandments in Judaism?

In rabbinic thought, the commandments are usually divided into two major groups, positive commandments (obligations) – mitzvot aseh [מצות עשה‎] and negative commandments (prohibitions) – mitzvot lo ta’aseh [ מצות לא תעשה‎].

Where are the 613 mitzvot found?

the Torah
The 613 mitzvot can be found in the Torah and they guide Jews on how to live a good life. Many Jews believe that disobeying the mitzvot will result in punishment. Mizvot means ‘commandments’ (plural). Mitzvah means ‘commandment’ (singular).

Where did the 613 laws come from?

The earliest account of God giving Israel the 613 commandments dates to the third century CE, found in the Babylonian Talmud, Makkot 23b: “Rabbi Simlai gave as a sermon: 613 commandments were communicated to Moses – 365 negative commands, corresponding to the number of solar days [in a year], and 248 positive commands.

Who made up the 613 commandments?

These 611 include the two commandments of Exodus 20:2, indicating that this list is incompatible with the approach of R’ Hamnuna in the Talmud (who said that of the 613 commandments, the two in Exodus 20:2 were given directly by God, and the remaining 611 via Moses).

Are the 10 commandments part of the 613 laws?

The most well-known of these laws are the Ten Commandments , but the Torah contains a total of 613 commandments or mitzvah covering many aspects of daily life, including family, personal hygiene and diet.

Does Judaism and Christianity have the same 10 commandments?

“The Ten Commandments of the Jewish Torah thus remain valid for Christians, but they are tightened in the Gospel according to Matthew.” Another finding is that “the Ten Commandments were universally valid for all people – many Jews and Christians were positive about this”, according to de Vos.

How many commandments are there in Judaism?

613 commandments
But there are more: From Genesis through Deuteronomy, there are a total of 613 commandments, as counted by medieval sages. Many of the 613 are obsolete.