What are the symptoms for incontinentia pigmenti?

What are the symptoms for incontinentia pigmenti?

Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a genetic condition that affects the skin and other body systems. Skin symptoms change with time and begin with a blistering rash in infancy, followed by wart-like skin growths. The growths become swirled grey or brown patches in childhood, and then swirled light patches in adulthood.

How is incontinentia pigmenti passed on?

This condition is inherited in an X-linked dominant pattern . The gene associated with this condition is located on the X chromosome, which is one of the two sex chromosomes . In females (who have two X chromosomes), a mutation in one of the two copies of the gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder.

Can incontinentia pigmenti be cured?

IP TREATMENT While there is no known cure for incontinentia pigmenti (IP), there are treatment protocols and recommended medical specialists for affected areas of the body like skin, hair, eyes and more.

Is incontinentia pigmenti an autoimmune disease?

On these bases, incontinentia pigmenti (IP; or NEMO syndrome) was diagnosed and confirmed by genetic testing. The NEMO gene is implicated in immune deficiencies as well as in autoimmune diseases.

What is the XP disease?

People who have an extreme sensitivity to sunlight are born with a rare disease known as xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). They must take extreme measures to protect their skin from ultraviolet (UV) light. Anything that emits UV light, including the sun and some lightbulbs, can damage their skin.

Who discovered incontinentia pigmenti?

First described by Bloch in 1926, and Sulzberger in 1928, incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare X-linked genodermatosis [1, 2], which name is related to the histological characteristics of the lesions in the third stage (or pigmentary stage) of the disease (Tab.

Can XP be cured?

Xeroderma pigmentosum treatment There isn’t a cure for XP, but its symptoms can be managed. Staying out of the sun and avoiding other UV light sources is crucial. This means slathering up with sunscreen and covering up completely whenever going out of doors.

What are the symptoms of XP?


  • Sunburn that does not heal after just a little bit of sun exposure.
  • Blistering after just a little bit of sun exposure.
  • Spider-like blood vessels under the skin.
  • Patches of discolored skin that get worse, resembling severe aging.
  • Crusting of the skin.
  • Scaling of the skin.
  • Oozing raw skin surface.

What chromosome is incontinentia pigmenti located on?

The incontinentia pigmenti gene is localised on chromosome Xq28. This gene normally codes for the nuclear factor-KB essential modulator protein and is known as the IKBKG gene (formerly known as NEMO or NF-kappaB gene).

What are the signs of XP?

How do you treat XP?

XP is managed by preventative techniques (i.e., avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing) and regular screening for changes in the skin, vision, and neurologic status. Many symptoms can be treated with medication and/or surgery, but some cancers and neurologic problems can be life threatening.

How long can someone live with XP?

Prognosis. The average life expectancy of an individual with any type of XP and no neurological symptoms is approximately 37 years, and 29 years if neurological symptoms are present.

Is XP curable?

How old is the oldest person with XP?

Survival beyond the third decade of life is unusual. The authors present a 46-year-old patient with proven xeroderma pigmentosum who manifests many characteristic features of this affliction and may be one of the oldest, if not the oldest, living survivor of this unusual disease.

What are the causes of XP?

Xeroderma pigmentosum is caused by mutations in genes that are involved in repairing damaged DNA. DNA can be damaged by UV rays from the sun and by toxic chemicals such as those found in cigarette smoke. Normal cells are usually able to fix DNA damage before it causes problems.

What are symptoms of XP?

What are the signs and symptoms for XP?