What do you put in reference if author is unknown?

What do you put in reference if author is unknown?

When a work has no identified author, cite in text the first few words of the article title using double quotation marks, “headline-style” capitalization, and the year.

How do you cite a reference with no author examples?

Use title in place of author. Use “n.d.” (“no date”) in place of date….No author, date, or title.

Format [Description of page]. (n.d.). Website Name. URL
Reference list [Article about APA citations]. (n.d.). Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation ([Article about APA citations], n.d.)

How do you cite an unknown reference?

Use “Anonymous” as the author name in the corresponding reference entry as well. If the work you are referencing does not name an author (which is different than Anonymous being the identified author), use the first few words of the title instead (APA, 2020, p. 264).

How do you Harvard reference an unknown author?

If the source you are referencing is missing an author, use the source’s title instead of the author’s name in your in-text citation. In your Reference list, use the source’s title in place of the author’s name. The rest of the reference should follow the usual style for the type of source you are citing.

How do you Harvard reference without an author?

How do you cite a book without publisher?

Author Lastname, Author First Initial(s). (Publication Year). Title of work: Subtitle if applicable.

How do you cite an unknown author in APA 7?

Unknown or Anonymous Author For works with an unknown author, include the title and year of publication in the in-text citation. If the title of the work is italicized in the reference list, also italicize the title in the in-text citation.

How do you reference a book with no author in APA?

If a book has no author or editor, begin the citation with the book title, followed by the year of publication in round brackets. If an author is also the publisher, put the word “Author” where you’d normally put the publisher name. This happens most often with corporate or group authors.

How do you give credit to an author?

Cite sources in text by using the name of the first author listed in the source, followed by the publication date in parenthesis. You may begin your citation by referencing your source in the sentence, with the publication date in parenthesis, followed by the page number in parenthesis at the end of the sentence.

How do you reference an unknown publisher?