What happened at the Kapp Putsch?
What happened at the Kapp Putsch?
Kapp Putsch, (1920) in Germany, a coup d’état that attempted to overthrow the fledgling Weimar Republic. Its immediate cause was the government’s attempt to demobilize two Freikorps brigades. One of the brigades took Berlin, with the cooperation of the Berlin army district commander.
Who started the Kapp Putsch?
The Kapp Putsch was an attempted right-wing revolution that took place in Weimar Germany on 13 March 1920. It was led by Wolfgang Kapp (hence the name) who opposed all that he believed then-President Friedrich Ebert stood for, and came in the wake of the Versailles Treaty that devastated post-WWI Germany.
What was the Kapp Putsch and why did it fail?
A right-wing coup d’état in March 1920, the Kapp Putsch–named for its leader, Wolfgang Kapp–failed only because of a general strike. The military had refused to intervene, although it did brutally suppress some Communist-inspired uprisings shortly thereafter.
What happened to Dr Wolfgang Kapp?
Within four days, however, a general strike called by labour unions and the refusal by civil servants to follow Kapp’s orders led to the collapse of the coup. Kapp and several other conspirators fled to Sweden but returned to stand trial. He died awaiting trial in 1922.
How did the government respond to the Kapp Putsch?
The Weimar Government fled Berlin and, in an attempt to stop the putsch, encouraged the workers of Berlin to go on strike. This strike brought Berlin to a standstill and meant that it was very difficult for the new government to do anything as all essential services were stopped.
Who led the Freikorps?
Rudolf Höss joined the East Prussian Volunteer Freikorps in 1919 and eventually became commander of the Auschwitz extermination camp.
How did the government deal with the Kapp Putsch?
How did the Kapp Putsch cause instability?
The Kapp Putsch would never have occurred had the right wing politicians not so disliked the government, and the government would not have been so disliked by the right, had they not signed the Treaty of Versailles and agreed to those crippling terms.
What did the Freikorps believe?
The Freikorps was effectively a collection of groups as opposed to a cohesive whole but they all shared the same beliefs and objectives. Members of the Freikorps could be described as conservative, nationalistic, anti-Socialism/Communism and once it had been signed, anti-the Treaty of Versailles.
Why was the Kapp Putsch a threat to the Weimar Republic?
The main threat from the right wing was the Kapp Putsch of 1920. Due to the Treaty of Versailles, a reduction of the German army from 650,000 to 200,000 angered he right wing nationalists who rejected it and wanted to overthrow the Weimar state. The Kapp Putsch was a direct threat to Weimar’s new government.
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