The US has an absolute advantage in producing both cars and trucks. However, it has a comparative advantage in trucks. This is because it is better at producing them. Although it is 1.2 times better than Japan in producing cars, it is 4 times better at producing trucks.

## How do you calculate absolute and comparative advantage?

1. Make a table like Table 19.6.
2. To calculate absolute advantage, look at the larger of the numbers for each product.
3. To calculate comparative advantage, find the opportunity cost of producing one barrel of oil in both countries.

How is comparative advantage determined in an output input problem?

Comparative Advantage: is the ability of one entity to produce a good or service at a lower opportunity cost than another entity. When it comes to calculating opportunity cost there are 2 methods; depending on whether you are looking at outputs (with fixed inputs) or inputs (with fixed outputs).

To determine comparative advantage you have to calculate per unit opportunity cost using the formula give up/gain (the amount of good you are giving up divided by the amount of good you are gaining). Once you have calculated per unit opportunity cost, the country with the lowest one has a comparative advantage.

### What is comparative advantage in economics quizlet?

Comparative advantage refers to the ability to produce goods and services at a lower opportunity COST, not necessarily at a greater volume.

### How do you calculate total trade between two countries?

Balance of Trade formula = Country’s Exports – Country’s Imports. For example, suppose the USA imported \$1.8 trillion in 2016 but exported \$1.2 trillion to other countries, then the USA had a trade balance of -\$600 billion, or a \$600 billion trade deficit. For any economy’s current asset.

How is country import calculated?

Where, Value of Exports = Total value of foreign countries spending on the goods and services of the home country. Value of Imports = Total value of the home country’s spending on the goods and services imported from foreign countries.

How do you calculate input and output production?

It is calculated by dividing the outputs produced by a company by the inputs used in its production process. Common inputs are labor hours, capital, and natural resources, while outputs are generally measured in sales or the number of goods and services produced.