# What is antisymmetric wave function?

## What is antisymmetric wave function?

A wavefunction that is antisymmetric with respect to electron interchange is one whose output changes sign when the electron coordinates are interchanged, as shown below. ˆP12|ψ(r1,r2)⟩=−|ψ(r2,r1)⟩ These particles are called fermions and have half-integer spin and include electrons, protons, and neutrinos.

**What is antisymmetric wave function in quantum mechanics?**

In quantum mechanics: Identical particles and multielectron atoms. …of Ψ remains unchanged, the wave function is said to be symmetric with respect to interchange; if the sign changes, the function is antisymmetric.

**Why must a wave function be antisymmetric?**

We can only constructs wavefunctions that are antisymmetric with respect to permutation symmetry only if each electron is described by a different function. The Pauli Exclusion Principle is simply the requirement that the wavefunction be antisymmetric for electrons, since they are fermions.

### What is antisymmetric principle?

The postulate that electrons must be described by wavefunctions which are antisymmetric with respect to interchange of the coordinates (including spin) of a pair of electrons.

**What is difference between symmetric and antisymmetric wave function?**

Symmetric and anti-symmetric wave functions: Now we can define the symmetric wave function, as a function, which remains unchanged under the permutation of the particles. Opposite of that, anti-symmetric wave function it changes the sign of the wave function under permutation of particles.

**What are symmetric and asymmetric wave functions?**

It turns out that particles whose wave functions which are symmetric under particle interchange have integral or zero intrinsic spin, and are termed bosons. Particles whose wave functions which are anti-symmetric under particle interchange have half-integral intrinsic spin, and are termed fermions.

## What are symmetric and antisymmetric particles?

The choice of symmetry or antisymmetry is determined by the species of particle. For example, symmetric states must always be used when describing photons or helium-4 atoms, and antisymmetric states when describing electrons or protons. Particles which exhibit symmetric states are called bosons.

**How do you prove a function is antisymmetric?**

To prove an antisymmetric relation, we assume that (a, b) and (b, a) are in the relation, and then show that a = b. To prove that our relation, R, is antisymmetric, we assume that a is divisible by b and that b is divisible by a, and we show that a = b.

**What is symmetric and antisymmetric?**

Relation R on set A is symmetric if (b, a)∈R and (a,b)∈R. Relation R on a set A is asymmetric if(a,b)∈R but (b,a)∉ R. Relation R of a set A is antisymmetric if (a,b) ∈ R and (b,a) ∈ R, then a=b. “Is equal to” is a symmetric relation, such as 3 = 2+1 and 1+2=3.

### What is antisymmetric set?

A relation R on a set A is said to be antisymmetric if there does not exist any pair of distinct elements of A which are related to each other by R. Mathematically, it is denoted as: For all a, b ∈ A, If (a,b) ∈ R and (b,a) ∈ R, then a=b.

**What is antisymmetric relation with example?**

An example of antisymmetric is: for a relation “is divisible by” which is the relation for ordered pairs in the set of integers. For relation, R, an ordered pair (x,y) can be found where x and y are whole numbers and x is divisible by y.

**What is symmetric/antisymmetric wave function?**

Symmetric / antisymmetric wave functions We have to construct the wave function for a system of identical particles so that it reflects the requirement that the particles are indistinguishable from each other.

## What happens to an antisymmetric wave function when you interchange particle labels?

An antisymmetric wave function, belonging to the particles called fermions, gets a minus when you interchange two particle labels, like this: Only those two possibilities may exist because the square of the wave function must be unchanged if you only exchange particle labels, because particles in nature are not l…

**Why is the triplet spatial wavefunction antisymmetric?**

The antisymmetric nature of the triplet spatial wavefunction guarantees that in the triplet state the electrons in φ a and φ b are never at the same location ( if the two electrons have the same coordinates), i.e., the triplet state lies lower in energy because there is less electron-electron repulsion.

**How to find the determinant wave function of a given symmetry?**

2g. Perhaps the simplest way to find determinantal wavefunctions for each of these is to proceed by lowering the symmetry (in this case, from O hto D