What is diversification of rural livelihood?

What is diversification of rural livelihood?

Livelihood diversification is an important strategy to help the rural people to come out of poverty. It is a process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their effort to improve their standard of living (Ellis, 1998).

What is livelihoods diversification?

Livelihood diversification is a process by which rural households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and improvement in their standards of living [1] and the means of gaining a living [2].

What are the determinants of livelihood diversification?

six main determinants of livelihood diversification. These are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping behaviour. All such determinants of livelihood diversification are mediated through social relations and institutions.

What are the negative effects of rural livelihood diversification?

Some of the major challenges which affect rural livelihood diversification were lack of capital, poor infrastructures, lack of access to credit service, lack of access to market and marketing service, lack of job opportunities and farm land scarcity.

In what way has rural livelihoods diversification been used as a as a poverty alleviation strategy in rural livelihoods?

Livelihood diversification by rural households is used as a strategy to cope with increasing rate of poverty, growing population and other socioeconomic issues affecting them. The poverty of a household is related to its resource endowments, its capacity to manage and deploy its resources (Hossain, 2005).

Why is livelihood diversification important?

The ultimate goal of livelihood diversification is therefore bringing sustainable livelihood outcome like securing more income, improved food security, reduced vulnerability and increased welfare.

What is livelihood diversification PDF?

Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living.

What are the factors that influence livelihood?

However, the factors influencing the choice of livelihood strategies by rural households not only include livelihood capital, but also factors such as location conditions, natural environment, and socioeconomic level (Belay & Bewket, 2013. (2013).

What are livelihood strategies?

Livelihood strategies are the combination of activities that people choose to undertake in order to achieve their livelihood goals. They include productive activities, investment strategies and reproductive choices.

What are livelihood issues?

Deterioration or destruction of livelihoods. Loss or depletion of productive assets. Long term reliance on coping mechanisms which were previously only used in times of acute food insecurity. Environmental degradation and deterioration of natural resources. Increasing impoverishment of communities and households.

What is rural livelihood strategy?

Livelihood strategies are characterized by the allocation of assets (physical, natural, social, human and financial), income generating activities (on farm, off farm), and livelihood outcomes (food, health, income, security). Rural households participate in a diversity of livelihood activities and strategies.

How can we improve rural livelihood?

  1. Promotion of Community Based Institutions.
  2. Capacity Building of Community Based Institutions.
  3. Sustainable Agriculture.
  4. Natural Resource Management.
  5. Employment Generation.
  6. Collective Marketing/ Enterprise Promotion.
  7. Micro Irrigation and Drought Proofing Models.

What are the main problems of rural livelihood?

The major problems that have been identified by literature review in many rural areas are poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, homelessness, crime, social evils, lower living standards, lack of facilities, services, and health.

What are the different types of livelihoods?

Types of Rural Livelihoods

  • 1] Agriculture Labourers. Agriculture labourers are those people in rural areas who work as labour in fields and get daily wages.
  • 2] Farmers.
  • 3] Farmers with Other Sources of Income.
  • 4] Rich Farmers and Landowners.

Which rural area majority of the population for livelihood is depends on?

Rural people are dependent on forest resources for their livelihoods. For many of them, not only do the resources provide economic sustenance, but the forest is also a way of life socially and culturally.