What is Eisenmenger in pregnancy?

What is Eisenmenger in pregnancy?

The pregnant women with Eisenmenger syndrome may present with cyanosis or differential cyanosis, dyspnea, fatigue, dizziness and even right heart failure. Physical examinations may reveal cyanosis and clubbing of the fingers. Hemorrhagic tendency, such as epistaxis and hemoptysis, has been reported.

Why is Eisenmenger contraindicated?

Overexertion and smoking also should be avoided. Surgery that is used to repair the defect can’t be used after pulmonary hypertension has developed because the change in blood pressure would further damage the heart.

Is Eisenmenger syndrome VSD?

Eisenmenger syndrome is caused by a defect in the structure of the heart, more specifically a ventricular septal defect (VSD) or other shunt. A VSD is a hole in the heart in the region that connects the left ventricle and the right ventricle.

What is Eisenmenger complex?

Eisenmenger syndrome is a condition that results from abnormal blood circulation caused by a defect in the heart. Most often, people with this condition are born with a hole between the two pumping chambers — the left and right ventricles — of the heart (ventricular septal defect).

When does Eisenmenger syndrome develop?

Symptoms of Eisenmenger syndrome vary depending on the heart defect and affected organs. They do not usually occur until people are in their teens, 20s or 30s. The signs slowly get worse.

How is Eisenmenger treated?

Medications are the primary treatment for Eisenmenger syndrome….Medications for Eisenmenger syndrome include:

  1. Medications to control irregular heart rhythms.
  2. Iron supplements.
  3. Aspirin or other blood-thinning medications.
  4. Medication that relaxes blood vessel walls.
  5. Sildenafil and tadalafil.
  6. Antibiotics.

What is Eisenmenger phenomenon?

Eisenmenger syndrome causes increased blood pressure in the side of the heart that has low oxygen-containing blood (blue blood). This allows the low oxygen-containing blood to cross the hole (shunt) in the heart or blood vessels, which lets oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood mix.

Is Eisenmenger right-to-left shunt?

Eisenmenger’s syndrome is defined as the process in which a long-standing left-to-right cardiac shunt caused by a congenital heart defect (typically by a ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, or less commonly, patent ductus arteriosus) causes pulmonary hypertension and eventual reversal of the shunt into a …

How is Eisenmenger syndrome diagnosed?


  1. Blood tests. Blood tests may be done to check your blood cell counts, which are often high in Eisenmenger syndrome.
  2. Electrocardiogram (ECG).
  3. Chest X-ray.
  4. Echocardiogram.
  5. Computerized tomography (CT) scan.
  6. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  7. Cardiac catheterization.
  8. Walking test.

What is Eisenmenger syndrome?

Eisenmenger (I-sun-meng-uhr) syndrome is a complication of a heart defect that you’re born with (congenital). A heart defect that causes a hole (shunt) to develop between two chambers of your heart is the most common cause of Eisenmenger syndrome.

What is Eisenmenger shunt?

This shunt is a heart defect you’re born with (congenital). Heart defects that can cause Eisenmenger syndrome include: Ventricular septal defect. This shunt in the wall of tissue that divides the right and left sides of your heart’s main pumping chambers (ventricles) is the most common cause of Eisenmenger syndrome.

What happens if you cough up blood with Eisenmenger syndrome?

Eventually, this can lead to heart failure. Coughing up blood (hemoptysis). Increased pressure in the lungs and problems with your blood caused by Eisenmenger syndrome can cause life-threatening bleeding into your lungs and airways, causing you to cough up blood and further lowering your blood oxygen level.

What is the tricuspid Doppler interrogation for Eisenmenger syndrome?

This is a color Doppler interrogation of the tricuspid valve in a patient with Eisenmenger syndrome. It demonstrates an elevated estimated right ventricular systolic pressure of 106 mm Hg and right atrial pressure, reflecting pulmonary hypertension. TR = tricuspid regurgitation.