What is sodium glycerophosphate used for?

What is sodium glycerophosphate used for?

Sodium glycerophosphate is used as a source of phosphate in the treatment of inbalances of calcium and phosphate metabolism. It is administered, together with other glycerophosphates, by injection in cattle.

How do you give sodium glycerophosphate?

Sodium glycerophosphate 21.6% IV 40mmol given as 2 x 12 hour infusions, i.e. 20mmol (20ml) in 500ml glucose 5% over 12 hours x 2. Considering that the normal adult intake of phosphate is about 35 mmol per day, a reasonable typical IV replacement is 20-40mmol per day.

How do you dilute sodium glycerophosphate?

The vial may be labelled as Glycophos® or as sodium glycerophosphate 21.6%. For peripheral administration: – dilute to a maximum concentration of 0.1mmol phosphate in 1mL. (12) As a suggestion dilute 40mmol phosphate (2 vials) in 500mL .

How do you administer Glycophos?

Method of administration Intravenous Infusion. Glycophos® must not be given undiluted. The infusion must be administered over a period of at least 8 hours. Glycophos® should not be given to patients in a state of dehydration or with hypernatraemia, hyperphosphataemia, severe renal insufficiency or shock.

What is magnesium glycerophosphate for?

magnesium glycerophosphate (Neomag®) is accepted for use within NHS Scotland. Indication under review: as an oral magnesium supplement for the treatment of patients with chronic magnesium loss or hypomagnesaemia as diagnosed by a doctor.

What are the symptoms of low phosphate levels?

Some medications can cause phosphorus levels to drop, including some antacids and diuretics (water pills). Symptoms of phosphorus deficiency include loss of appetite, anxiety, bone pain, fragile bones, stiff joints, fatigue, irregular breathing, irritability, numbness, weakness, and weight change.

Why is phosphate prescribed?

Some phosphates are used to make the urine more acid, which helps treat certain urinary tract infections. Some phosphates are used to prevent the formation of calcium stones in the urinary tract. Injectable phosphates are to be administered only by or under the supervision of your health care professional.

What happens if you infuse phosphate too fast?

Rapid infusion of IV phosphate may reduce calcium level. If hypotension occurs during infusion of IV phosphate, consider possibility of hypocalcemia.

Why do I need a phosphate infusion?

Potassium phosphate injection is a phosphate replacement that is used to treat or prevent hypophosphatemia (low phosphorus in the blood). It is also used as an additive in the preparation of fluid formula injections. This medicine is given to patients who cannot receive a phosphate supplement by mouth.

Why is sodium phosphate bad for you?

Sodium phosphate can cause serious kidney damage and possibly death. In some cases, this damage was permanent, and some people whose kidneys were damaged had to be treated with dialysis (treatment to remove waste from the blood when the kidneys are not working well).

Can high levels of magnesium cause anxiety?

Magnesium also modulates activity of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPAA) which is a central substrate of the stress response system. Activation of the HPAA instigates adaptive autonomic, neuroendocrine, and behavioral responses to cope with the demands of the stressor; including increasing anxiety.

What does sodium phosphate treat?

Sodium Phosphates IV is a prescription medication used to treat hypophosphatemia.

How long does it take for sodium phosphate to work?

Sodium phosphate is a saline laxative that is thought to work by increasing fluid in the small intestine. It usually results in a bowel movement after 30 minutes to 6 hours.Do not use this medication in children younger than 5 years of age unless directed by the doctor.