What is the difference between OAU and AU PDF?

What is the difference between OAU and AU PDF?

The main difference between the OAU and the AU is that while the OAU was seen as a union of leaders of Africa, the AU is conceived as a union of Africa’s peoples.

What are the main reason for the establishment of Organization of African Unity?

The main objectives of the OAU were to rid the continent of the remaining vestiges of colonisation and apartheid; to promote unity and solidarity amongst African States; to coordinate and intensify cooperation for development; to safeguard the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Member States and to promote …

What are the organs of African Union and their functions?

The Organs of African Union

  • The Assembly of African Union.
  • The Executive Council.
  • The Commission.
  • The Pan African Parliament.
  • The Court of Justice.
  • The Permanent Representatives’ Committees.
  • The Specialized Technical Committees.
  • The Economic, Social and Cultural Council.

What is the African Union human rights system?

The African human rights system is founded on five treaties of the African Union, namely a) the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights; b) the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa; c) the Convention on Specific Aspects of the Refugee Problem in Africa; d) the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the …

Is AU better than OAU?

AU has a broader scope and mandate than OAU, and a structure that has been designed keeping in mind the challenges in the 21st century. AU reflects greater transparency, openness, and a willingness to respect human rights in a manner acceptable to international community.

What is the difference between African Union and Organisation of African Unity?

African Union is viewed as an organisation of African peoples while Organisation of African Unity was an organisation of African executives. African Union has an ambitious economic development agenda for Africa Orgnisation of African Unity was mainly concerned with political issues of the continent.

What is the major achievement of OAU?

The major achievement of the OAU was the decolonization of Africa.

Does the African Union have a flag?

African Union Flag. Flag Description: Broad green horizontal stripe at the top followed by a narrow band of gold. Broad white stripe bearing the Emblem at its centre followed by a narrow gold band and broad green stripe at the bottom..

What are our basic rights?

Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.

How many articles are there in African Charter of human rights?

63 articles
The African Charter on Human and People’s Rights includes preamble, 3 parts, 4 chapters, and 63 articles.

Who was the first chairman of OAU?

One of the main heads for OAU’s establishment was Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana. It was disbanded on 9 July 2002 by its last chairman, South African President Thabo Mbeki, and replaced by the African Union (AU).

What is the failure of OAU?

Overall, the failures of the OAU outweighed its successes. Arguably, its major failing was its inability to bring peace, prosperity, security, and stability to Africa. The OAU was found wanting in its responses to the tyrannies and kleptocracies ruining Africa, a deficiency that undermined its credibility.

How many member states are in OAU?

The AU is made up of 55 Member States which represent all the countries on the African continent. AU Member States are divided into five geographic regions….Member States.

Member State Abbreviation Date of joining the OAU or AU
Republic of the Congo Congo Republic 25 May 1963
Democratic Republic of Congo DR Congo 25 May 1963

Who wrote the African Union anthem?

poet Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin
The African anthem was composed by Ethiopian poet Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin as a poem. In 1986, it was adopted as the African anthem by the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), the predecessor of the AU. In 2002, at the formation of the AU, the anthem was continued.

What is the motto of Africa?

The new /Xam theme of “Unity Through Diversity” was selected by Mbeki to replace the 1910 “Unity Is Strength.” Like many things in South Africa, the old motto had racial overtones; it referred to white settlers joining forces against a hostile black continent.