What type of pathology is atelectasis?

What type of pathology is atelectasis?

Atelectasis (at-uh-LEK-tuh-sis) is a complete or partial collapse of the entire lung or area (lobe) of the lung. It occurs when the tiny air sacs (alveoli) within the lung become deflated or possibly filled with alveolar fluid. Atelectasis is one of the most common breathing (respiratory) complications after surgery.

How does atelectasis cause hypoxia?

The direct morbidity from atelectasis is transient hypoxemia due to blood flowing through the lung, which does not have normal air flow. The blood does not pick up oxygen from the corresponding alveoli. This shunting results in transient hypoxemia.

What is the difference between pneumothorax and atelectasis?

A collapsed lung happens when air enters the pleural space, the area between the lung and the chest wall. If it is a total collapse, it is called pneumothorax. If only part of the lung is affected, it is called atelectasis.

What is the difference between lung collapse and atelectasis?

How does high oxygen cause atelectasis?

The rapid diffusion of oxygen may lead to insufficient amounts of air left inside the alveoli to keep them inflated, resulting in collapse of the alveolar walls.

How is atelectasis diagnosis?

To diagnose atelectasis, doctors usually start with X-rays (a test that provides pictures of the inside of your chest). Another test called a computed tomography (CT) scan can provide more detailed pictures. In more severe cases, a doctor may use a procedure called a bronchoscopy to see inside your airway.

What is the difference between pleural effusion and atelectasis?

A pleural effusion or pneumothorax causes relaxation or passive atelectasis. Pleural effusions affect the lower lobes more commonly than pneumothorax, which affects the upper lobes. A large pleural-based lung mass may cause compression atelectasis by decreasing lung volumes.

What type of atelectasis is the most common?

Obstructive atelectasis is the most common type and results from reabsorption of gas from the alveoli when communication between the alveoli and the trachea is obstructed. The obstruction can occur at the level of the larger or smaller bronchus.

How is atelectasis different from pneumonia?

Increased color flow in the consolidated tissue favors pneumonia while little to no flow suggests atelectasis. Low flow in atelectasis is possibly due to compression as well as ischemic pulmonary vasoconstriction.

What can be done for atelectasis?


  • Performing deep-breathing exercises (incentive spirometry) and using a device to assist with deep coughing may help remove secretions and increase lung volume.
  • Positioning your body so that your head is lower than your chest (postural drainage).
  • Tapping on your chest over the collapsed area to loosen mucus.

What are the signs and symptoms of atelectasis?

signs and symptoms of atelectasis Signs and symptoms include increasing dyspnea, cough, and sputum production signs and symptoms of acute atelectasis tachycardia, tachypnea, pleural pain, and central cyanosis (a bluish skin hue that is a late sign of hypoxemia) may be anticipated.

What is the prognosis for a patient with atelectasis?

The prognosis for those people with atelectasis depends on the severity and the extent of damage to the lungs. In adults, atelectasis affecting a small part of the lung is not life threatening, as the rest of the lung can provide enough oxygen for the body to function normally.

What is the best treatment for atelectasis?

Ginger. Ginger is widely reviewed as a powerful anti-inflammatory,antibiotic and warming remedy for a number of health infractions.

  • Water. Eight glasses of water intake on a daily basis is recommended and it is well known that water expedites a flush of toxins from the body.
  • Sesame Oil.
  • Onion.
  • Tomato.
  • Eucalyptus Oil.
  • Posture.
  • Dried Figs.
  • Avoid Nuts.
  • What is the primary cause of atelectasis?

    Definition. Atelectasis is the collapse of part or,much less commonly,all of a lung.

  • Alternative Names
  • Causes.
  • Symptoms.
  • Exams and Tests
  • Treatment.
  • Outlook (Prognosis) In an adult,atelectasis in a small area of the lung is usually not life threatening.
  • Possible Complications.
  • When to Contact a Medical Professional.
  • Prevention.