What was the controversy on Narmada dam?
What was the controversy on Narmada dam?
On August 7, two men were electrocuted while travelling in a boat. Since its foundation stone was laid by India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961, the Sardar Sarovar Dam has been mired in controversy over the delay in compensation to thousands of people displaced by the project.
What is the effect of Sardar Sarovar Dam?
Environmental impact This has brought about extensive environmental consequences, such as a negative effect on downstream fishing, threat on wildlife natural habitat, waterlogging and salinization of water, silting of the river bed, deforestation (Morse Report 1992; Kothari & Ram, 1994).
What are the problems with the Narmada River?
Narmada is an important river in Gujarat but is suffering from pollution, lack of freshwater and dumping of untreated sewage into it. The future and welfare of thousands of farmers and fisherfolk in Gujarat, who are dependent on the river, is in peril.
What is the main purpose of Narmada Bachao Andolan?
The NBA’s major aim was to provide project information and legal representation to the concerned residents of the Narmada valley. Through the NBA, Patkar sought help for those rendered homeless and without livelihoods because of the construction of the Sardar Sarovar and other large dams along the Narmada.
What are the various environmental losses in making the Narmada project?
Land submerged Over 7,000 hectares of land became islands due to the inundation. Villages saw partial or complete crop loss. They couldn’t harvest crops and also lost standing crops due to the inundation. Farmers lost banana crops, maize, sugarcane, cotton and wheat crops due to submergence.
Why did the Narmada Bachao Andolan opposed the dam projects in the Narmada Valley?
The Narmada Bachao Aandolan opposed the dam projects in the Narmada Valley on the following grounds : (i) In the process of construction of the dam 245 villages were expected to be submerged. (ii) It required relocation and proper rehabilitation of about two and a half lakh people from these villages.
What are the causes of Narmada Bachao Andolan movement?
Narmada Bachao Andolan has its leading spokespersons Medha Patkar and Baba Amte. The main cause of this movement was large scale dam construction beside the Narmada River. This caused a huge displacement of people in these areas due to the slow progress of the government’s rehabilitation policy.
Why Narmada River is polluted?
The major source of pollution to the Narmada river is the anthropogenic municipal solid waste and sewage from nearby towns/habitations, agricultural runoff and native soil erosion. The quality of the Narmada River is degraded due to the municipal and industrial discharges from the catchment.
Why did the Narmada Bachao Andolan opposed the dam projects in the Narmada valley?
What is the conclusion of Narmada Bachao Andolan?
The Narmada Bachao Andolan could halt the building of the Sardar Sarovar Dam from 1994 to 1999. The National Alliance for people’s movement was formed. On October 2000, the Supreme Court gave the approval for the construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam. The court decided that the height of the dam be raised to 90 m.
What threatens the existence of the Narmada today?
Answer. Answer: With six big dams and power projects on it, the river has been facing environmental threats from illegal mining, deforestation, and now the river linking project.
On which issue did the Narmada Bachao Andolan originally focused on?
It originally focused on the environmental issues related to trees that would be submerged under the dam water.
Is Narmada River drying?
The Narmada is drying up due to lack of water in the tributaries. These rivers also have to be revived to solve the problem.” Narmada is considered to be one of the oldest rivers of India.
Is Narmada rain fed?
For the Narmada, it is estimated to be 20-to 22%; 60% of it is rain fed. Once there were seven supporting rivers feeding in to the source. The Narmada first rises out of a spring now housed by a temple known as Mai Ki Bagiya, in Amarkantak.
Which of these were the disadvantages caused to the people living on banks of Narmada River?
The dams and rampant mining of sand from the foreshore and riverbed of the Narmada have caused significant damage to the riverine ecology, affecting livelihoods of people living in the river valley.