What were the effects of the Gujarat earthquake 2001?
What were the effects of the Gujarat earthquake 2001?
The massive earthquake killed between 14 000 and 20 000 people, damaged over 1.2 million houses, and affected almost 8000 villages in Gujarat, west India. More than 3000 health facilities were destroyed, including a 281 bed district hospital, a 16 bed mental hospital at Bhuj, and 239 health centres.
What secondary event happens after earthquake?
Aftershock Events and Impacts Aftershocks are smaller earthquakes that occur after a larger seismic event and within the same fault system. The magnitude of aftershocks varies, with the largest being generally one magnitude level less than that of the main quake.
What caused the 2001 Gujarat earthquake?
The earthquake occurred along an approximately east-west trending thrust fault at shallow depth. The stress that caused this earthquake is due to the Indian plate pushing northward into the Eurasian plate.
How was the Bhuj affected in the earthquake on 26 January 2001?
Bhuj, which was situated only 20 km away from the epicentre, was devastated. Considerable damage also occurred in Bhachau and Anjar with hundreds of villages flattened in Taluka of Anjar, Bhuj and Bhachau. Over one million structures were damaged or destroyed, including many historic buildings and tourist attractions.
What happened after the Gujarat earthquake?
The earthquake was followed by several aftershocks over the next few days. As much as the devastation, what marks the 20th anniversary of the Gujarat earthquake is the opportunity the government took in rebuilding the State on sustainable disaster-resistant foundations.
What are the main primary and secondary effects of earthquakes?
The primary effects of earthquakes are ground shaking, ground rupture, landslides, tsunamis, and liquefaction. Fires are probably the single most important secondary effect of earthquakes.
What is a primary and secondary effect?
Effects are often classified as primary and secondary impacts. Primary effects occur as a direct result of the ground shaking, eg buildings collapsing. Secondary effects occur as a result of the primary effects, eg tsunamis or fires due to ruptured gas mains.
What happened during Gujarat earthquake?
The moment magnitude of the quake was 7.7 (6.9 on the Richter scale). In addition to killing more than 20,000 people and injuring more than 150,000 others, the quake left hundreds of thousands homeless and destroyed or damaged more than a million buildings. A large majority of the local crops were ruined as well.
Which reason suffered the maximum damage due to the earthquake that hit Gujarat in 2001?
Answer: The Bhuj in Kachchh region suffered the maximum damage due to the earthquake that hit Gujarat in 2001.
What type of disaster devastated the city of Bhuj in Gujarat in 2001?
Bhuj earthquake of 2001, massive earthquake that occurred on Jan. 26, 2001, in the Indian state of Gujarat, on the Pakistani border.
What are the effects of earthquake and volcanic eruption on the environment?
Further effects are the deterioration of water quality, fewer periods of rain, crop damages, and the destruction of vegetation. During volcanic eruptions and their immediate aftermath, increased respiratory system morbidity has been observed as well as mortality among those affected by volcanic eruptions.
Which of the following is not a secondary effect of an earthquake?
The primary after effects of earthquakes are ground shaking, ground rupture, landslides, tsunamis, liquefaction, destruction of livelihood, death and injuries. Rainfall is not an after-effect of earthquake.
What are primary secondary effects?
What are the secondary effects of a volcanic eruption?
The secondary hazards are the indirect consequences such as lahars, tsunamis and epidemic disease and post-eruption famine. During eruptions, volcanoes release a huge amount of pyroclastic rocks or tephra into the atmosphere and these clastic deposits will fall back and accumulate on the surrounding Earth’s surface.
What are the primary and secondary effects of a volcano?
Primary hazards are direct hazards from eruption such as pyroclastic flows, pyroclastic falls, lava flows and poisonous gas release. The secondary hazards are the indirect consequences such as lahars, tsunamis and epidemic disease and post-eruption famine.
What part of Gujarat did it affect mostly?
Out of the 21 affected districts, those most affected are Kutch-Bhuj, Ahmedabad, Jamnagar and Rajkot. Within these districts more than 37.8 million people have been affected. According to official figures released by the central Government as of 6 February, the earthquake killed 16,459 people and injured 68,478.
What are the causes of the Bhuj earthquake?
The earthquake was caused at the convergent plate boundary between the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate boundary. These pushed together and caused the earthquake.
What are the primary and secondary effects of volcanoes?
VOLCANIC HAZARDS 3 Primary hazards are direct hazards from eruption such as pyroclastic flows, pyroclastic falls, lava flows and poisonous gas release. The secondary hazards are the indirect consequences such as lahars, tsunamis and epidemic disease and post-eruption famine.
What is the primary cause of volcanoes and earthquakes?
Both volcanoes and earthquakes occur due to movement of the Earth’s tectonic plates. They are both caused by the heat and energy releasing from the Earth’s core. Earthquakes can trigger volcanic eruptions through severe movement of tectonic plates.