Who developed a middle-range theory for nursing?

Who developed a middle-range theory for nursing?

Mary Jane Smith
By Mary Jane Smith and Patricia R. Liehr.

What theories are middle-range theories?

Examples of middle-range theories are theories of reference groups, social mobility, normalization processes, role conflict and the formation of social norms. The middle-range approach has played a role in turning sociology into an increasingly empirically oriented discipline.

Is Benner’s theory middle range?

Benner’s (1984) From Novice to expert is a high middle range theory illustrating five key stages of skill acquisition: Novice, advance beginner, competent, proficient, and the expert (Benner, 1984).

What is a middle-range theory for Watson?

Watson’s Theory of Human Caring is a middle-range nursing theory. Fawcett (2005) described middle range theories as “more concrete and narrower than grand theories; they are made up of a limited number of concepts and propositions that are written at a relatively concrete and specific level” (p. 35).

Is Watson’s theory a middle-range theory?

Watson’s theory of human caring is an example of a middle-range explanatory theory. Middle-range predictive theories move beyond explanation to the prediction of precise relations between concepts or the effects of one or more concepts on one or more other concepts.

Is peplau a middle-range theory?

Because of their relevance and use to clinical practice, middle- range theories are commonly applied to nursing practice settings. Peplau’s theory is a middle-range theory because the propositions of the theory are specific, testable, and limited.

Is Pender Health Promotion Model A middle-range theory?

Pender’s Health Promotion theory is a middle-range theory. Middle range theories fill gaps between grand nursing theories and nursing practice (McEwen & Wills, 2007). The model’s scope is narrow with limited concepts that can be applied easily in practice and research.

Is Orem’s theory a middle-range theory?

3.4. For that reason Orem’s self-care deficit theory of nursing [78] is integrated as a natural ingredient in the proposed middle-range theory. The self-care deficit theory of nursing consists of three parts: theory of self-care, theory of self-care deficit, and theory of nursing systems [78].

What is the Pender theory?

Pender’s model focuses on three areas: individual characteristics and experiences, behavior-specific cognitions and affect, and behavioral outcomes. The theory notes that each person has unique personal characteristics and experiences that affect subsequent actions.

Who is Fawcett nursing Metaparadigm?

According to Fawcett (1984), metaparadigm, as the central concepts of nursing, contains person, environment, health, and nursing. These four concepts represent the phenomena of interest to nursing discipline, which are under the umbrella of nursing metaparadigm.

What is a Metaparadigm concept?

A metaparadigm is “a set of concepts and propositions that sets forth the phenomena with which a discipline is concerned.” In simple terms, it is all the features that go into a single framework — or everything that goes into being a nurse.